Wasps are often considered typically helpful insects, serving to manage other pests and clean up dead insect carcasses. They can even act as pollinators, but in general they are regarded as nuisance pests and a threat to health.
Many people have a genuine phobia against them, in some cases, with good reason. Although eleven species of true wasp may be found in Europe, only two, the vespid wasp (Vespula vulgaris) and also the German wasp (Vespula germanica), are important as pest species and increasingly examples of the genus Dolichovespula are being encountered. All overwinter as queens, the vespid wasp remain typically dormant in buildings or underground, the German wasp typically in tree cavities and Dolichovespula is normally found well away from buildings.
The young queen emerges within the spring, feeding on nectar and sap and begins to construct her new nest from wasp paper, a mixture she concocts from chewed wood, plant debris and saliva. Favourite places for nests are in the ground, hollow trees, eaves, attics or garden sheds.
Her first batch of eggs is produced within a few days and the larvae develop within the nest. The mature larvae construct silken cocoons in which they pupate, still within the cells of the nest.
Four to six weeks later, the first generation of workers emerge, they are smaller than the queen and male wasps emerge later within the season. The worker wasps then take over the continued nest construction, enveloping the whole nest in wasp paper, which could by now extend to eight tiers.
They additionally forage for food, ventilate the nest (by vibrating their wings) and nurture and feed the developing wasp larvae. The queen currently spends all her time giving birth, each cell being used numerous times to rear larvae. Towards the end of the summer, an average sized nest may house up to 30,000 wasps.
With the onset of autumn, new males emerge to fertilise new queens who go on to search for hibernation sites. During the winter months the previous queen and all of her little workers die and the same nest won’t be reused.
What damage can Wasps do?
Wasp stings could be unpleasant to most people, however to some they will prove fatal. The ability of these social insects to inflict multiple stings means that for certain individuals, they can kill. Insects are no respecters of rank, the first recorded instance of a fatal wasp sting was the death of King Menes of Egypt in about 3000 BC. A poultice of leaves perhaps. An application of vinegar, though still used today, will more than likely irritate the sting further as wasp venom is not alkaline. The best treatment for non-allergic individuals is to scrub the area of the sting with water and soap, then apply a specialised cream to the affected area.
Insect venom’s are complex mixtures and they can produce allergic reactions of two types: respiratory obstruction or a condition known as anaphylactic shock syndrome. This causes tube collapse – respiration becomes shallow, the heartbeat is sort or undetectable, there is profuse sweating and the victim quickly loses consciousness. Death from wasp stings is fast, when put next to death from snake venom; 66% of vulnerable victims die within one hour of being injured.
How do I get rid of Wasps?
Wasps are extremely complex insects and in order to tackle them effectively a specialist should always be used. The Pest Master team have been on specialised wasp courses giving us a greater understanding than many of the other companies that offer wasp treatments. We hold multiple qualifications for wasp treatments alone. We are proud to be one of the leading pest control companies for wasp eradication.
The best course of action when dealing with wasps in a domestic dwelling is by destroying the nest. Finding the nest can be a task in itself, though the property owner may be aware of its location. This will help greatly in regards to the treatment meaning a fast efficient job. If you are experiencing an issue with wasps in your home it is advisable to get in touch with us, your local professional company for a fast response and a FIXED price GUARANTEED treatment. We strongly recommend not tackling this yourself as serious harm to yourself and others around you can occur.
How we effectively remove Wasps
Despite a high mortality rate, the need to control wasps is more and more obvious, especially as the number of infestations appears to be increasing. Requests for control come from two sectors, domestic and commercial and of course, the most pressing time is in the summer months when nests are at their largest.
We are experts in integrated wasp management, whether it be destroying the nest or interrupting programme feeding at sites away from the nest. These sites will generally include places like pub gardens, parks, theme parks, holiday parks, concerts/open air theatres and food outlets. In most places we can usually use trapping techniques rather than a chemical treatment which proves very effective in keeping people safe.
There are nine principal ways to apply this control:
- Killing overwintering queens
- Nest destruction
- Insecticidal baiting
- Electric fly killers
- Contact insecticides
- Preventative measures
- Integrated wasp management.